Jul 30, 2015

Bond Portfolios – What’s Conservative Got To Do With It?


Below is a section from the most recent WhiteTree quarterly client letter.



What’s Conservative Got To Do With It?

Echoing the famous poll in which 80 percent of people rated themselves above average drivers, most investors consider themselves more conservative than their peers. Unfortunately the term “conservative” has little descriptive power in context of portfolio construction, except as short-hand for the investor’s desire for low volatility and consequently more bonds. This common psychological orientation, combined with the obliging nature of investment professionals, the desire for yield, and demographic trends, has resulted in an increasing number of investors with portfolios heavily if not totally allocated to the bond market. Recent market events indicate that such portfolios may exhibit surprising and undesirable characteristics.

As food for thought, consider the performance of a hypothetical U.S. bond portfolio in the second quarter of 2015. The table below includes the returns of various bond market ETF’s, their prospective yields and a hypothetical portfolio allocation.



The value of this portfolio declined by 4.08% in the second quarter. This is of course, not likely a ruinous outcome for the owner. However, consider these losses in the context of the portfolios weighted average yield of 3.18%. If the portfolio owner is a pensioner, he or she has seen the entire year’s earnings and more wiped out in a single quarter – probably not an outcome that was deemed likely if the portfolio was constructed using historical simulation. Indeed, when a substantially similar portfolio is backtested over the period of 1972 – 2014, the worst drawdown over the entire 40+ year period was 4.62%. Students of history may note that the retrospective period includes the 1973 oil crisis and its resulting inflation.

Equal to or perhaps more important than the exact magnitude of the quarter’s decline is the economic environment in which it transpired. That is, that the drawdown occurred without a meaningful increase in US inflation, or hike in interest rates by the Federal Reserve.  And while no rigorous conclusions can be deduced from a single quarters data, I do think the events portend an increased sensitivity in what is popularly assumed to be among the most robust asset classes.

To be clear, none of this is meant to be a predication about the future of the bond market or inflation. What I am attempting to convey by way of anecdote is that investors should be aware that what common-knowledge regards as conservative, may be revealed to be otherwise. Intelligent investing requires a more nuanced communication than is commonly employed, with the consequence that many investors get the portfolio they ask for but not what they were expecting.

Disclosures / Disclaimer

All WhiteTree Investment Management Strategies are subject to market risk, including the risk of permanent losses. Before investing, clients should carefully evaluate their financial situation and their ability to tolerate volatility.

This  information  should  not  be  used  as  a  general  guide  to  investing  or  as  a  source  of  any  specific  investment  recommendations,  and  makes  no  implied  or  expressed  recommendations  concerning  the manner  in  which  an  account  should  or  would  be  handled,  as  appropriate  investment  strategies  depend  upon specific investment guidelines and objectives. This is not an offer to sell or a solicitation to invest.

This information is intended solely to report on investment strategies implemented by WhiteTree Investment Management, LLC and its investment managers. Opinions and estimates offered constitute our judgment and are subject to change without notice, as are statements of financial market trends, which are based on current market  conditions.  Under  no  circumstances  does  the  information  contained  within  represent  a  recommendation  to  buy,  hold  or  sell  any  security,  and  it  should  not  be  assumed  that  the  securities transactions  or  holdings  discussed  were  or  will  prove  to  be  profitable.   There  are  risks  associated  with  purchasing and selling securities and options thereon, including the risk that you could lose money.

Jun 22, 2015

Down The Bond Market Liquidity ETF Rabbit Hole – A Link-Fest


*Many of the articles linked to are from The Financial Times Alphaville column. You do not need to subscribe to the Financial Times to read them but you do need to be registered for a free account with the FT for access.  Regular consumers of financial media will be aware; there has been much gnashing of the teeth over bond market liquidity […]

Jan 8, 2015

Energy Recovery – $ERII – Insider Buying and The Fear of Missing Out


Energy Recovery Energy Recovery (ERII) was incorporated 1992 and went public in 2008. The company produces energy saving solutions for desalination plants. Over the past few years, it has been developing a number of products to address the needs of other fluid intensive industrial processes, mainly related to the oil and gas industry. Legacy Business […]

Dec 17, 2014

Readings – Healthcare In America – The Bitter Pill


If the test of a great article is that it makes you realize how ignorant you are, then “The Bitter Pill” succeeds brilliantly. Published in 2013, in Time Magazine of all places, this piece was recommended to me by a friend who works in the health insurance business as “the best summary of what is […]

Aug 21, 2014

Hellfire and Brimstone – Electromagnetic Swans and Some Thoughts On Hedging


Electromagnetic Swans Recently I have been re-reading Nassim Taleb’s Fooled By Randomness and The Black Swan. So I was primed when I saw the headline, “Elliot Warns of Greatest Danger in Electromagnetic Pulse”. Understanding my own bias, and the fact that at any given moment there will be at least ten different hedgefund manager’s warning […]

Nov 19, 2013

Rationally Considered – Handicapping The Odds of Fraud at $TTS


Intro On November 14th, Gotham City Research published a report alleging that the Tile Shop (TTS) was using an undisclosed related party to fraudulently inflate its earnings. Later that day the company responded with a statement denying every allegation except that they do business with an export trading company owned by one of their own […]

Nov 4, 2013

$TTS – The Louis Vuitton of Tile? – I Think Not


Background Tile Shop Holdings, (TTS) is a tile retailer that went public in September of 2012. Since then, it has benefited form the markets re-infatuation with anything housing related and currently trades at a ridiculous 26x EV/EBITDA. In the past month the share price has declined 29% due to an earnings miss and allegations by […]